Nafrat Chodo! Bharat Jodo! Bharat Jodo! The Failed Brotherhood Factor: A Warning Sign | Counter-currents

On December 13, 1946, Jawaharlal Nehru proposed an “objective resolution” at the Constituent Assembly, which outlined the objectives of the Constitution. These were discussed and later became the constitutional preamble, assuring the people of the fundamental democratic values ​​of justice, freedom and equality. Brotherhood as a core value was added by BRAmbedkar on February 21, 1948.

BRAmbedkar insisted that the Constitution should strive to create unity among citizens by improving relations between different castes and religious communities. This is the raison d’etre of the Fraternity, “which ensures the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation”occupying an important place in the preamble.

Justice, liberty and equality are for the state to provide to the citizens and for the citizens to demand of the state, while fraternity is for the state to promote and is a fundamental duty of the citizens.

This fundamental obligation is described in Article 51-A(e): “It is the duty of every citizen of India to promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood among all the peoples of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectoral diversities; renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women”. It is precisely about Fraternity.

It is necessary to underline the obvious fact that the elected representatives of the people are citizens. But they constitute a particular category of citizens, because the citizens of their constituency have entrusted them with political power. Thus, every legislator takes an oath to abide by the Constitution and has a special responsibility to do his duty under Section 51-A(e), to promote brotherhood, thereby ensuring the dignity of the individual citizen and the unity and integrity. of the nation.

The values ​​of the preamble are irreproachable, regardless of religion, language, region and gender. However, Justice, Liberty and Equality are chimeras unless Brotherhood is actively practiced and encouraged. Fraternity strengthens social ties and gives the individual a personal interest in the well-being of others. A person who lacks social feeling or social sensitivity, would appreciate social or fraternal ties limited to family, community or religion. Such a person would think of welfare in limited terms, not extending to the nation, let alone humanity.

The emotional ties of each person with other people, family, community and religion, are essential, because they not only constitute his personality, but they allow society to function. However, when a person’s emotional ties take precedence and truth and justice become secondary considerations, they are unable to think beyond petty feelings. He cannot understand that the concept of Brotherhood concerns other humans within the society of which he is a part. Many politicians of different hues and persuasions can fall into this category.

Indeed, Ambedkar wrote: “A person in whom the social feeling is not developed can only resolve to consider the rest of his fellows as rivals struggling with him for the means of happiness, which he must strive to overcome in order to succeed himself. -same”.

Without Brotherhood, a person cannot be expected to respect the rights, needs, and aspirations of others outside of their close circle, and will lightly give a goby to Justice and Liberty regarding others. The absence of fraternity between citizens jeopardizes the unity and integrity of the Nation, in addition to of course leading to conflicts around various issues.

Arguably the most common cause of conflict in recent times is religion, based on religious absolutism. Thus, adherents of Religion-X are aggressively opposed, even rivals or enemies, to the “inferior” Religion-Y, and these sentiments are aggressively reciprocated in word and deed. Followers of all religions no doubt accept the interpretation of their religion by their respective religious leaders who, more often than not, stir up misunderstanding between religions, precisely because these religious leaders are limited by their respective religious dogmas. They openly teach and preach that other religions are inferior and that followers of other religions must be hated, defeated, defeated, even killed, in order to protect their own religion.

It is worth quoting John Hicks, speaking at a Theological Society in England (2001): “We must not view other religions as rivals or enemies, or view them as inferior, but simply as different human responses to divine reality, formed in the past within different streams of history and culture. human cultures. We should seek friendship with people of other faiths, which will help to defuse the very dangerous religious absolutism that is being exploited in almost every conflict taking place in the world today. Support religious absolutism , is to be part of the problem that afflicts humanity. But we can be part of the solution by setting an example of overcoming this absolutism.”.

Although the title of Hicks’ speech was, “Is Christianity the only true religion, or one among others?, his introspective words regarding absolutism apply directly and equally to all religions. When Hicks speaks of friendship, it is about Brotherhood. In practice, religious absolutism is exploited by religious leaders playing politics for power over their laity, and politicians (abusing) using religion for power over the people. Both are condemnable.

More importantly, social conflicts and unrest due to the absence of the Fraternity factor are a direct attack on the unity and integrity of the Nation.

The elected representatives of successive central and state legislatures not only failed in their basic duty as citizens, but they also violated their oath of office. Unfortunately, at present, far from doing their duty, many government and opposition, center and state legislators can be observed actively speaking, writing and acting to prevent the Brotherhood of “burst”. They are destroying our Nation.

Just as sadly, politicians motivate people to imagine that their religion is threatened by another religion, and blatantly incite them to senseless paroxysms of violence against “the other”. We may be on the brink of social collapse. Everyone ignores that a nation’s internal weakness increases its vulnerability to external threats, even if external threats increase.

Only celebrated, charismatic, articulate and elected political leaders of all political persuasions and religious leaders of all religions can reverse the tide of religion-based hatred and violence, simply by performing their fundamental duties of article 51A as citizens of our great nation. , notably relaunching the Fraternity factor. Only then will the senseless and destructive violence of words and deeds cease. Otherwise, India will be no better than its unfortunate defaulting neighbours.

The call that comes up is: “Nafrat chodo! Bharat Jodo! Bharat Jodo!

This is a reminder to all state and central lawmakers to do their homework before it’s too late.

Maj Gen SGVombatkereVSM, joined the Indian Army in 1961, was commissioned into the Corps of Engineers and retired in 1996, from the post of Additional DG in charge of Discipline and Vigilance at Army Headquarters, New Delhi .

E-mail :

Comments are closed.