The exalted status of Ali ibn Abi Talib
Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was on his way back from the final pilgrimage and had reached the point of Ghadir, when he received this instruction from the Divine. The tone of the verse suggests a question of extreme importance and seriousness. If the success of the Prophet’s (pbuh) struggle now depended on the effective delivery of this very message, it had to be something big. The Prophet (pbuh) immediately told the people to gather at the pond and ordered the creation of a pulpit. He also sent messengers to get to those who had made the journey ahead or were still behind, to be quick to reach the place. There, in front of tens of thousands of people, the Prophet asked Hazrat Ali ibn Abu Talib to stand beside him on the platform. He then raised Hazrat Ali’s hand and announced to each of them: âTo whoever, I am the mawla (master), Ali is his mawla. God, be the friend of the friend of Ali and be the enemy of his enemy â. Immediately afterwards, a tent is set up where Ali is seated and the companions flock to congratulate him on his appointment as master of believers.
Some Muslims have attempted to trivialize the episode in an effort to serve their particular interests, although the urgency and stress put on by the Almighty speaks volumes for thoughtful minds.
Subjecting such a giant figure as himself to controversy and limiting him to a particular sect, portrays the sheer ignorance of some circles, considering that the man we are talking about was so magnanimous that he would end up being worshiped by people in other places. confessions. Roman emperors had his paintings hung in their palaces and the greatest warriors had his name engraved on their swords. He was only a newborn baby when the Prophet of God took him to his house and Ali was brought up and fed by the messenger himself.
As he grew older he would imitate the Prophet (pbuh) in everything he did and the Messenger would be a constant guide for him in all aspects of life. The bond they shared was so special that no one other than Ali accompanied him to ride Hira and experience Muhammad (pbuh) receiving the light of revelation. It was only Ali, who at the age of thirteen offered to help the messenger in spreading his prophetic message, when all his closest relatives berated him and laughed at him. .
The Prophet’s meeting with the Christian priests of Najran further indicates the esteemed position of Hazrat Ali, as when the Messenger challenged them to face to face in the light of divine instruction, âCome and invoke our sons and your sons, our wives and your wives, ourselves and yourselves, and call on the curse of God on those who lie â. (3: 59-61).
Acting on this injunction, the Prophet (PBUH), leaving the whole community, chose to be accompanied only by Imam Hassan, Imam Hussain, Bibi Fatima and Hazrat Ali for this purpose. Later, gathering these four under a cloak with himself and repeating that they are the people of his household and the most purified, confirmed their exclusive connection. He was so sure of their truthfulness that he did not hesitate to invoke the curse of God in their presence.
The famous hadith al Thaqalayn, serves as further endorsement by the Prophet of the exalted status of his offspring. It is also important to note the timing of this, as it was part of the Prophet’s sermon at Ghadir, where He declared Ali as “mawla”. Only three months before his death.
“I leave two things of value / weight among you, for if you hold on to them you will never go astray, the Quran and the people of my household, they will not separate until they reach me by the pond of paradise â.
If a logical mind pushes to interpret this very saying of the Prophet, it becomes evident that the people for whom both things are left by the Prophet to be guided and those who are left to guide, cannot be of the same level. It is a clear affirmation of the superiority, intellectual and otherwise, of Hazrat Ali and his family. If the Prophet (pbuh) testifies that they are inseparable from the Quran, it means that everything they say or do is in accordance with the Quranic teachings. So who better than them to interpret the Divine message and guide the community, in the absence of the Prophet (pbuh)?
Ali’s attributes are many to be listed here in their entirety. However, each of them – if rationally decoded – serves as proof of its supremacy. Think for a moment, if his family was so esteemed for God to name his sons, Hassan and Hussain, the leaders of the youth of Heaven, and his wife Fatima, the leader of the women of Heaven, the very place every Muslim aspires for one easily understands their rank in the sight of God.
Indeed the best of people, after the Prophet (pbuh). Why did the rulers of the day secretly plan their executions and torture their supporters? Why were they so unsure of preventing people, by force, from bringing back the words of the Prophet in their praise or trying to downplay their real meaning. They were indeed the true face of Islam and for people to justify themselves as rulers in the presence of such imposing figures, was impossible, and therefore they had to be put aside, not only physically, but also from the story.
It is time that we Sunnis attempted to use reason and question the manipulation of our history and stop abusing our privileged position, as the majority sect of the community, in a negative way, by subjecting the Shiites to constant verbal attacks which then result in physical attacks. on them. All because they do not subscribe to the dominant religious views.
Let us not interfere with their right to practice their faith and be tolerant of the love they express for Ali and his family, as they seem to have interpreted the Prophet’s message better. On our side, we need to reflect on the version of Islam presented to us by the clerics and check whether we are really doing ourselves justice by playing in their hands and neglecting those who were supposed to form the very heart of our religion.
You have to be careful when the Prophet says: “I am the city of knowledge and Ali is his gateway”. This clearly shows that he alone is the wisest after the Prophet and only the second after the Prophet himself, in terms of knowledge, whether religious or secular. Also that it is the only door through which a person can determine the true essence of the Prophet’s message. So do not leave the door unattended and search in vain for Muhammad’s intellectual heritage.